May 29, 2024

Will Interest Rates Drop in June in Canada? An In-Depth Look

Will Interest Rates Drop in June in Canada? An In-Depth Look

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As the Bank of Canada’s next interest rate announcement on June 5 approaches, Canadians are eagerly anticipating whether interest rates will drop. The overnight lending rate has remained at 5.00% since July 2023, leaving many hopeful for potential financial relief. In this comprehensive analysis, we will delve into the current economic indicators, expert opinions, and potential outcomes to determine the likelihood of interest rates dropping in June.

Current Economic Indicators

To gain insights into the potential rate cut, it is essential to examine the current state of the Canadian economy. Several key indicators shed light on the situation:

Inflation plays a crucial role in the Bank of Canada’s monetary policy decisions. Matthieu Arseneau, deputy chief economist at National Bank Financial, asserts that Canada’s inflation problem has largely been resolved. Core inflation measures, which exclude volatile components, have consistently remained below the Bank’s target for several months. The total inflation rate stands at 2.7%, and excluding mortgage-interest costs, it falls below the desired 2% range.

This indicates that the Bank of Canada has successfully managed to control inflation, suggesting that the time may be ripe for a rate cut.

GDP Per Capita and Economic Growth

Another vital indicator to consider is GDP per capita, which has experienced a decline for seven consecutive quarters. This sustained decline implies that the economic situation warrants a rate cut. Arseneau emphasizes that GDP per capita is a key indicator to rely on and suggests that the Bank of Canada should take this into account when making their decision.

Labor Market and Unemployment Rates

The labor market’s performance is also crucial in determining the need for a rate cut. Recent trends show a slowdown in the labor market, with an increase of 1.3% in the unemployment rate. Additionally, wage growth has moderated, indicating a lack of robust economic activity.

Although there has been a recent rebound in private employment growth, Arseneau attributes this to population growth rather than a sustainable trend. Consequently, it is unlikely that a flurry of hiring will occur in the coming months.

Expert Opinions

To gain further insights into the potential rate cut, let’s explore the perspectives of leading economists:

Matthieu Arseneau’s Perspective

Matthieu Arseneau believes that several indicators support the need for a rate cut. He highlights the following factors:

  • Inflation Rates: Core inflation measures have consistently remained below the Bank of Canada’s target, indicating successful inflation control.
  • GDP Per Capita: The sustained decline in GDP per capita for seven quarters suggests the need for a rate cut.
  • Labor Market Performance: The slowdown in the labor market, as evidenced by rising unemployment rates and moderated wage growth, indicates a need for monetary stimulus.

Arseneau argues that these factors, combined with the potential risks of keeping monetary policy too restrictive for too long, warrant a rate cut.

James Orlando’s Viewpoint

In contrast, James Orlando, a TD Economist, suggests that the Bank of Canada will likely hold the rate at 5% in June. He argues that the central bank is waiting for inflation to cool further before making any changes. The current inflation rate of 2.7% remains above the Bank’s preferred target of 2%, indicating the need for caution.

Orlando emphasizes the importance of sustained progress in controlling inflation before considering a rate cut. He believes that a rate hold in June would be accompanied by communication from the Bank of Canada, signaling a potential rate cut in the near future.

Bank of Canada’s Position

To gain insights into the Bank of Canada’s stance, let’s examine the statements made by Tiff Macklem, the Governor of the Bank of Canada:

During a recent appearance before the House of Commons finance committee, Macklem highlighted the following factors:

  • Downward Momentum in Inflation: Macklem acknowledged the renewed downward momentum in underlying inflation, indicating progress in the fight against inflation.
  • Economic Growth: Stalled economic growth and excess supply of goods have contributed to the decline in inflation.
  • Labor Market Performance: The labor market has cooled down from previously overheated levels, further aiding in bringing down prices.

While Macklem indicated that the Bank of Canada is getting closer to cutting interest rates, he also stressed that any rate cuts would be gradual. Canadians should not expect a rapid decline in interest rates.

Internal deliberations within the Bank of Canada suggest a cautious approach, with some members more ready to act than others. The central bank is likely awaiting more definitive signals before making a decision.

U.S. Federal Reserve Influence

The decisions made by the U.S. Federal Reserve significantly impact Canada’s monetary policy. Let’s consider the influence of the U.S. Federal Reserve and the differences in economic conditions between the two countries:

Impact on Canada’s Monetary Policy

The U.S. Federal Reserve’s decisions have a direct impact on Canada’s monetary policy. If the U.S. Federal Reserve maintains its current stance while the Bank of Canada cuts rates, it could lead to a depreciation of the Canadian dollar against the U.S. dollar.

Comparison of Economic Conditions

There are notable differences between the Canadian and U.S. economies, which may influence the Bank of Canada’s decision:

  • Unemployment Rates: U.S. unemployment rates have not risen as sharply as in Canada, suggesting a relatively stronger labor market south of the border.
  • Wage Pressures: Wage pressures remain high in the U.S., indicating potential inflationary pressures.
  • Mortgage Market Structures: Unlike Canada, where shorter mortgage terms are prevalent, the U.S. has a higher proportion of mortgages with 30-year terms. This structural difference affects the transmission of monetary policy.

Potential Outcomes and Implications

Let’s explore the potential outcomes and implications of a rate cut or a rate hold:

What a Rate Cut in June Would Mean

If the Bank of Canada decides to implement a rate cut in June, the following implications may arise:

  • Variable Rate Mortgages: Homeowners with variable-rate mortgages would experience a decrease in their interest payments, allowing more to be allocated towards the principal amount.
  • Fixed Rate Mortgages: Bond yields would likely decline, potentially leading to lower fixed mortgage rates.
  • Market Reactions: Positive market reactions, such as increased economic activity and investor confidence, could be expected.

What a Rate Hold Would Mean

If the Bank of Canada decides to hold the rate at 5% in June, the following implications may arise:

  • Immediate Effects: Individuals with variable-rate mortgages would not experience immediate financial relief.
  • Bond Market Reactions: The bond market could still react, leading to potential adjustments in fixed mortgage rates.
  • Continued Financial Strain: Households renewing mortgages at higher rates would continue to face financial strain.

Future Projections

Let’s consider the likelihood of a rate cut in July and long-term expectations for interest rates:

Likelihood of a Rate Cut in July

If the Bank of Canada does not implement a rate cut in June, experts suggest it is highly likely to occur in July. The Bank of Canada’s communication during the June announcement may provide signals regarding a forthcoming rate cut.

Long-Term Expectations

Tiff Macklem has indicated that interest rates are unlikely to return to pre-COVID levels or the emergency low levels witnessed during the pandemic. Any rate cuts implemented by the Bank of Canada would likely be gradual, and Canadians should prepare for a period of moderate interest rates.


In conclusion, the Bank of Canada’s decision on June 5 will be of great significance to Canadians. While experts argue for a rate cut based on declining inflation and economic slowdown, others advocate for a rate hold to ensure sustained economic stability. Regardless of the decision, the Bank of Canada’s communication during the announcement will provide valuable insights into the future direction of monetary policy. Canadians should stay informed and prepared for gradual changes in interest rates, understanding that the central bank’s decisions are influenced by various economic indicators and global factors.

At Everything Mortgages, we strive to help first-time homebuyers, small business owners, and hardworking professionals navigate their mortgage journeys. Whether it’s securing a loan or seeking better solutions, our team is here to guide you toward becoming mortgage-free sooner and building wealth faster. Reach out to us today to explore these strategies and more.

Note: This article is intended for informational purposes only and does not constitute financial advice. Please consult a financial advisor or mortgage professional before making decisions about your mortgage.

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